Eunice SolisThe Hispanic Challenge
The concept of the Hispanic Challenge was introduced by Samuel Huntington as one of his chapters in his book Who Are We? The purpose of the chapter is obviously to call for an immigration reform, to educate Americans on the "unbiased" statistics surrounding immigration, and to indirectly open the government and U.S. natives' eyes to the reality of immigration--that its effects not so much on the economy but on the social and cultural spheres. The "Hispanic Challenge" discusses the modern wave of Hispanic immigration and how it impacts our people, our history, and our culture. Huntington's claim is that the influx of Hispanic immigrants, specifically Mexicans, will divide the country and consequently, cause the country's collapse.
Importance of Issue
The issue is of utmost importance, since the Hispanic Challenge is not simply a chapter on Samuel Huntington's book, but it is rather a direct attack against the Hispanic community, specifically Mexican immigrants, in the U.S. Ever since Huntington's book was published, many laws have been enacted against Hispanic immigrants such Arizona SB 1070, which makes it legal to question and even arrest people that, because of their physical appearance, might be taken for Hispanic. That is, if there is reasonable suspicion, the police can arrest anyone who could possibly be living illegally in the state. To me and to many other Hispanics, this law is discriminatory and a form of racial profiling.
This article presents a counterargument to the controversial article "The Hispanic Challenge" by Samuel Huntington. Samuel Huntington argues that the utter number of Hispanic immigrants and their resistance to assimilation to the country's language and culture will wear away the dominance of English as a nationally unifying language, weaken the country's dominant cultural values. This essay, however, tests these hypotheses with data from the U.S. Census and national and Los Angeles opinion surveys, which show that Hispanics acquire English and lose Spanish rapidly beginning with the second generation, and appear to be no more or less religious or committed to the work ethic than native-born whites.
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